Everyone possesses a different personality. It is their way of thinking, behaving, speaking, and feeling that makes them different from everyone. Environment, Inherited characters, experiences etc. are all the factors that influence an individual’s personality.
A personality disorder is a type of mental ailment in which an individual is showing unhealthy and rigid patterns of functioning, behaving and thinking. A person who is suffering from a personality disorder, he will face difficulties and problem in perceiving and relating to people and situations. This will cause severe complications in relationships, work, school, and social activities.
Some sufferers may not even realize that they have a personality illness because their behavior seems natural to them. They tend to blame others for issues they are facing.
Common types of Personality Disorder:
- Antisocial Personality Disorder: A state in which a person is neglecting or violating the rights of others. The people suffering from it are impulsive, may disregard social norms completely and deceive others or lie repetitively.
- Narcissistic personality disorder: It is a deadly state of grandiosity and lack of empathy for others. A person suffering from it feeling a need of self-admiration, self-importance, and self-entitlement. They take advantage of others and shows no empathy.
- Paranoid personality disorder: A type of disorder in which a person cannot trust others and become closed to them. They thought that others are mean or spiteful and will deceive or harm them. They are suspicious of others and doesn’t able to confide in them.
- Schizotypal personality disorder: A disorder in which a person is feeling very uncomfortable in every close relationship, showing bizarre behaviors and having distorted thinking. In this disorder, a person will have excessive social anxiety, odd behaviors or speech, and strange beliefs.
- Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder: A condition in which a person is obsessed about perfection, orderliness, and control. In this, a person is overly focused on schedules and details. They maybe workaholic, not allowing time for holidays or leisure. They are adamant about their morals and values.
- Avoidant personality disorder: A condition in which a person is over-sensitive to criticism, feeling extreme shyness or inadequacy. People with this disorder will not involve with others until they are certain that they will be welcomed with open arms. Because they are either pre-occupied with their past criticism or rejection or may think themselves as ‘not good enough’ or ‘socially-inefficient’
- Histrionic personality disorder: A condition in which a person isexcessively attention-hungry or showing emotions intensely.They have to exaggerate and frequently shifting their emotions and become uncomfortable if they are not the center of attention. Sometimes they even use their physical appearance to draw attention towards them.
- Schizoid personality disorder: A condition in which a person is void of emotions and detaches from social relationships.In this disorder, a person chooses to be alone, keep themselves away from close relationships and impassive to praises or criticism from others.
- Dependent personality disorder: A patter in which a person feels a need to be taken care of, showing clingy or submissive behaviors. They may feel inability in taking care of themselves and feel uncomfortable when left alone. They also face difficulties in making a daily decision without being reassured by others.
- Borderline personality disorder: A repeated pattern of intense emotions, personal relationships instability, impulsiveness, and poor self-image.People suffering from this disorder may have intense anger issues or feeling of emptiness, or repeated suicide attempts. They may be willing to go to any length in order to avoid being abandoned.
Diagnosis of personality disorder requires medical professional keenly studying long-term behaviors, patterns, symptoms, and functionality of an individual. Diagnosis is typically made in 18+ individuals only because before 18 years, the personality is still developing.